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How Did Dogs Become Domesticated?

Dogs have been man’s best friend for thousands of years–and the history of how they became domesticated is a fascinating one.

Let’s talk about how this history unfolds!

How Dogs Became Domesticated

History tells us that dogs were first domesticated from wolves at least 15,000 years ago in the Middle East.

Though the exact timeline is still under dispute, the process of domestication likely happened gradually over many generations. It’s thought that early humans and wolves coexisted in a symbiotic relationship. Humans gave wolves food and shelter in return for their protection and hunting aid.

Wolves probably began the process of domestication by scavenging for food close to human habitations. Due to their dependence on people for survival, these early wolves were probably more shy and submissive.

Over time, people started breeding these wolves deliberately, looking for characteristics like loyalty, trainability, and a desire to cooperate with people.

As they evolved into more domesticated animals, dogs started to play a variety of tasks in human society. In addition to hauling packs and pulling sleds, we also utilized dogs for hunting, keeping watch over, and herding animals.

Effects on Dogs’ Physical Characteristics

Domestication significantly altered the physical characteristics of dogs. Early wolves tended to be bigger and more nimble. When they were domesticated, though, their size and appearance started to vary greatly depending on the particular jobs they were bred for.

Hounds, for instance, were selected for hunting and for their great sense of smell. Herding dogs were bred for intelligence and the capacity to collaborate closely with humans.

The behavior of domesticated dogs and wolves varies greatly, in addition to their physical distinctions. While wolves tend to be more autonomous and hostile, domestic dogs are more gregarious and kind. This is probably caused by the close relationships dogs have with people. It could also be the selective breeding that took place over time to create particular qualities.

Dogs in the Present and the Future

The domestication of dogs has had a huge impact on human society. Dogs continue to play a key role in our lives today. We regard them as members of the family. Dogs provide a number of functions, including providing companionship, security, and helping disabled people and animals.

In general, the domestication of dogs was a complicated process that took place over thousands of years, with the symbiotic relationship between early humans and wolves finally leading to the domestication of dogs. Dogs are still an essential part of human culture today, and their relationship with people is stronger than ever.

For more articles about man’s best friend, make sure you check out our PetFitness blog!

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